Edward Preston Spokeshave - No. 1391

preston spokeshave 1391
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Edward Preston Spokeshave 1391 Review By: I.Ball

Category: Old Spokshaves

Manufacturer: Edward Preston

Tool Type: Spokeshave

Model No: 1391

This Edward Preston spokeshave is referred to as the 1391 due to an early Edward Preston tool catalogue reference. The spokeshave itself doesn’t have a model number marked on it.

The spokeshave is a 10 inch wide, adjustable spokeshave with decorative hooped raised arms and a decorative lever cap.

The spokeshave was made from cast iron and coated in a nickel plating. The nickel plating gave the spokeshave a bright finish while protecting the shave from rusting.

Due to the age of these spokeshaves it is common to find these with some loss, even complete loss of plating.

preston spokeshave 1391

This spokeshave is classed as an adjustable spokeshave due to there being a fine adjustment mechanism for adjusting the blade.

The 51mm (2 inch) wide best cast steel blade on this Preston spokeshave locates with the fine adjustment mechanism at the top of the blade.

The blade is adjusted by loosening the lever cap and then turning the knurled nut at the top of the blade.

Some of these spokeshaves have a lateral wing adjuster which allows the cutter to be adjusted laterally. This adjustment allows the blade to be accurately adjusted sideways so as to set the cutting edge square with the face of the shave.

The blade is secured in place with the use of a thumb screw.

The Edward Preston spokeshave 1391 was available with either a flat sole / straight bottom or a curved sole / round bottom.

preston spokeshave 1391

The flat sole / straight bottom is suitable for fine shaping and shaving applications especially for working concave curved edges.

The curved sole / round bottom is suitable for fine shaping and shaving applications especially for working concave curved edges.

The tool can be used by pushing or pulling the shave, usually it is used by pushing the shave.

The spokeshave is usually used with the cutter set in the bevel-down position with a good sharp edge.

The hollow hoops on the handles have the dual function of offering the user extra grip as well as offering the user the opportunity of hanging the spokeshave from a wall hook / nail.

unusual preston spokeshave 1391

The spokeshave shown in the adjacent photograph is slightly different in design to the usual design of the Preston 1391 spokeshave.

This particular spokeshave has a different styled blade with a different styled fine blade adjuster.

The lever cap is also secured by a nut opposed to a thumb screw.

I am unsure at this time if this is a different type under the same spokeshave number or if this had a different spokeshave number.

green preston spokeshave 1391

The spokeshave shown in the adjacent photograph has a different finish to most Preston 1391 spokeshaves.

This particular spokeshave has a dark green finish.

I believe this is a genuine finish due to seeing more than a couple of other examples of Preston spokeshaves with a dark green finish, also this was the colour of the Preston planes in the late 1920's / early 1930's.

The blade on this particular spokeshave design was marked 'E. Preston & Sons, Birm, Eng'.


Spokeshave Construction

cast steel

Lever Cap:
cast steel

Blade Adjuster:

Spokeshave finish:
black or nickel plate


Spokeshave Dimensions

254mm (10 inch)

Edward Preston Spokeshave 1391 Blade / Cutter

Cutter: best cast steel

Cutter Width: 51mm (2 inch)


Spokeshave Markings

"Prestons" - found on the surface of one arm.

"Patent" - found on the surface of the other arm.


Manufactured Dates

? - ?


Spokeshave Also Known As

Decorative Edward Preston spoke-shave
Edward Preston spoke-shave with hooped handles


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